BURLINGTON REAL ESTATE, BURLINGTON HOMES FOR SALE, BURLINGTON FOR SALE, BURLINGTON MLS LISTINGS SEARCH
Burlington and Area Real Estate and Burlington and Area Homes for sale, Burlington and Area Houses for Sale, Burlington and Area MLS Listings Search
BURLINGTON, HALTON REGION, ONTARIO, CANADA
Burlington (Canada 2006 Census population 164,415) is a city located in Southern Ontario at the western end of Lake Ontario, lying between the north shore of Lake Ontario and the ridge of the Niagara Escarpment. Politically, the city is part of Halton Region. Physically, Burlington is part of the Greater Toronto Area and its geographic position puts it roughly in the centre of the Golden Horseshoe region, a dynamic location with many attractions. The city has been rated as one of Canada's best places to live, presently ranking as the nation's third best city in which to reside.
Some of the city's attractions include Canada's Largest Ribfest, Sound of Music Festival, Burlington Art Centre, and Spencer Smith Park, all located centrally in close proximity to the Waterfront at Downtown Burlington. The city is a great location for nature lovers as it shares the Royal Botanical Gardens with Hamilton, and has both the Niagara Escarpment (a key world biosphere) and the Iroquoian section of the Bruce Trail in the north end of the city.
Before pioneer settlement in the 19th century, the area was covered by the primeval forest that stretched between the provincial capital of York and the town of Hamilton, and was home to various First Nations peoples. In 1792, John Graves Simcoe, the first lieutenant governor of Upper Canada, named the western end of Lake Ontario "Burlington Bay" after the town of Bridlington in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England,. By the time land beside the bay was deeded to Captain Joseph Brant at the turn of the nineteenth century, the name "Burlington" was already in common use. With the completion of the local survey after the War of 1812, the land was opened for settlement. The sandy, well-drained soil and amenable climate encouraged farming, and the area rapidly became the bread-basket of the region, known for wheat production. Produce from the farms was shipped out via the bustling docks of the lakeside villages of Port Nelson and Wellington Square, as well as Brown's Wharf in the nearby village of Port Flamborough (which was to become Aldershot). Lumber taken from the surrounding forests also competed for space on the busy docks. However, in the latter half of the 19th century, increased wheat production from Western Canada convinced local farmers to switch to fruit and vegetable production.
In 1874, Wellington Square and Port Nelson were incorporated into the Village of Burlington. However, the arrival of large steamships on the Great Lakes made the small docks of the local ports obsolete, and the increased use of railways to ship goods marked the end of the commercial wharves.
Farming still thrived though, and the resultant growth resulted in continued prosperity. By 1906, the town boasted both its own newspaper—the Burlington Gazette--as well as a town library and a local rail line that connected Burlington to nearby Hamilton. During the First World War, 300 local men volunteered for duty in the Canadian Expeditionary Force--38 did not return. In 1915, Burlington was incorporated into a town.
Following the Second World War, cheap electricity from nearby Niagara Falls and better transportation access due to the new (1939)Queen Elizabeth Way encouraged both light industry and families to move to Burlington. The population sky-rocketed as new homes were built, encouraging developers to build even more new homes. In 1962, Burlington annexed most of the Township of Nelson, as well as Aldershot, formerly a part of East Flamborough Township. By 1967, the last cash crop farm within the city had been replaced by the Burlington Mall.
By 1974, with a population exceeding 100,000, Burlington was incorporated as a city. The extremely high rate of growth continued, and between 2001 and 2006, the population of Burlington grew by 9%, compared to Canada's overall growth rate of 5.4%. By 2006, the population topped 160,000. Continued high rates of growth are forecast as farmland north of Dundas Street (former Highway 5) and south of Highway #407 is developed into more suburban housing.
Geography and climate
Burlington is located at the southwestern end of Lake Ontario, just to the north of Hamilton and the Niagara Peninsula, roughly in the geographic centre of the urban corridor known as the Golden Horseshoe. Burlington has a total land area of 187 km2 (72 sq mi). The main urban area is located south of the Parkway Belt and Hwy. 407. The land north of this, and north Aldershot is used primarily for agriculture, rural residential and conservation purposes. The Niagara Escarpment, Lake Ontario and the sloping plain between the escarpment and the lake make up the land area of Burlington. The city is no longer a port; sailing vessels in the area are used for recreational purposes and moor at a 215 slip marina in LaSalle Park. The 2.2 km long Skyway Bridge is a prominent landmark.
Burlington’s climate is humid continental (Köppen climate classification Dfa) with warm, humid summers and cold, somewhat drier winters. The climate is moderated by its proximity to Lake Ontario. Monthly mean temperatures range from 22 C (72 F) in July to -5 C (23 F) in January. The average annual precipitation is 770 millimetres (30 in) of rain and 109 centimetres (43 in) of snow.
Although it shares the temperate climate found in Southern Ontario, its proximity to Lake Ontario moderates winter temperatures, allowing the most northerly tracts of Carolinian forest to thrive on the Niagara Escarpment that runs through western sections of city. Several species of flora and fauna usually found only in more southern climes have their only Canadian presence here including paw-paw, green dragon (Arisaema dracontium), tuckahoe (Peltandra virginica), American columbo (Frasera virginiana), wall-rue (Asplenium ruta-muraria), plus the Louisiana waterthrush, the hooded warbler, the southern flying squirrel and the rare eastern pipistrelle. Near the visible promontory of Mount Nemo that rises some 200 m (650 ft) above the lake level, a "vertical forest" of white cedar clinging to the Escarpment face includes many small trees that are more than a thousand years old.
Burlington Bay, the western end of Lake Ontario, is bounded on its western shore by a large sandbar, now called the Beach strip, that was deposited during the last ice age. A canal bisecting the sandbar allows ships access to Hamilton Harbour, which lies behind the sandbar. The Burlington Bay James N. Allan Skyway (part of the Queen Elizabeth Way), and the Canal Lift Bridge allow access over the canal.
According to the 2006 census, Burlington's population was 164,415 (48% male, 52% female). Minors (individuals under the age of 18) made up 24.5% of the population (almost identical to the national average of 24.4%), and pensioners (age 65+) numbered 15.4% (significantly higher than the national average 13.7%). This older population was also reflected in Burlington's average age of 40.3, which was higher than the Canadian average of 39.5.
Race and ethnic origins
Origin Population %
English 59,330 36.51%
Scottish 39,605 24.37%
Irish 33,855 20.83%
German 16,640 10.24%
French 15,980 9.83%
Italian 11,430 7.03%
Dutch 8,575 5.27%
Polish 8,120 5.00%
As recorded in the same census, 91.04% of the population was white. Other groups include South Asian: 3.1%, mixed race: 1.5%, black: 1.5%, and Chinese: 1.3%.
The top eight ethnic origins from the 2006 census are listed in the accompanying table. Percentages add up to more than 100% because respondents were able to choose more than one ethnicity.
In the 2001 Canadian census, 78% of Burlington residents identified themselves as Christian. Of these, approximately 41% claimed adherence to one of the mainstream Protestant churches or were Anglican, 32% were Roman Catholic, and the remaining 27% belonged to other denominations such as the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Mormons), the Ukrainian Catholic Church, and various Orthodox denominations.
Of the three largest Christian denominations represented, Burlington lies within the Roman Catholic Diocese of Hamilton, the Anglican Diocese of Niagara, and the United Church of Canada's Halton Presbytery.
Of the remaining 22% of the population that did not identify themselves as Christian, 16.6% identified themselves as following no religion, 1.0% were Muslim, 0.7% Sikh, 0.5% Hindu, 0.4% Jewish, 0.3% Buddhist, and 0.1% Pagan.
Burlington's economic strength is the diversity of its economic base, mainly achieved because of its geography, proximity to large industries in southern Ontario (Canada's largest consumer market), its location within the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) and proximity to Hamilton, and its transportation infrastructure. The city has a robust economy with potential for future growth - it is located at the hub of the Golden Horseshoe, is largely driven by both the automotive and manufacturing sectors. The city has historically been a destination with a high quality of life, being most recently named the 3rd best city in Canada in which to live.
No single employer or job sector dominates Burlington’s economy. The leading industrial sectors, in terms of employment, are food processing, packaging, electronics, motor vehicle/transportation, business services, chemical/pharmaceutical and environmental. The top five private sector employers in Burlington are Fearmans Pork Inc, Cogeco Cable, Evertz Microsystems, Boehringer Ingleheim and EMC2. The largest public sector employers in the city are the City of Burlington, the Halton District Board of Education, the Halton Catholic District School Board and Joseph Brant Memorial Hospital.
The Burlington Mall and Mapleview Centre are popular malls within the city. The many summer festivals in the city, include Canada's Largest Ribfest, and the Burlington Sound of Music Festival which also attract many visitors.
Media and journalism
Burlington is primarily served by media based in Toronto (other than those noted below), as it is geographically located in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA).
TVCogeco from the studio in the Cogeco Cable Headquarters at Harvester Road & Burloak Drive.
Crossroads Television System (CITS-TV) is based in Burlington with studios on the North Service Road near the junction of the QEW, 403 and 407.
Hamilton based Television station CHCH-TV serves Hamilton, Halton and Niagara, thus including Burlington.
One radio station, FM 107.9 CJXY, is licensed to Burlington and another, FM 94.7 CIWV, to "Hamilton/Burlington." Both presently broadcast from studios in Hamilton; CJXY, indeed, brands itself "Hamilton's ONLY Rock Station." Burlington listeners are also served by stations licensed to Toronto and Hamilton and other nearby radio markets like Buffalo, NY.
M. M. Robinson High School
Burlington's public elementary and secondary schools are part of the Halton District School Board. Burlington's Catholic elementary and secondary schools are part of the Halton Catholic District School Board. French public elementary and secondary schools are part of the Conseil Scolaire de District du Centre Sud Ouest (CSDCSO) and French catholic elementary and secondary schools are part of the Conseil scolaire de district catholique Centre-Sud (CSDCCS). Several private schools are also available in the city.
There are 28 public elementary schools and 13 Roman Catholic elementary schools in Burlington.
Alexander's Public School
Brant Hills Public School
Bruce T. Lindley Public School
Burlington Central Elementary
Central Public School
C.H. Norton Public School
Charles R. Beaudoin Public School
Clarksdale Public School
Dr. Charles Best Public School
Florence Meares Public School
Frontenac Public School
Glenview Public School
John T. Tuck Public School
King's Road Public School
Lakeshore Public School
Maplehurst Public School
Mohawk Gardens Public School
Orchard Park Public School
Paul A. Fisher Public School
Pauline Johnson Public School
Pineland Public School
Rolling Meadows Public School
Ryerson Public School
Sir E. MacMillan Public School
Tecumseh Public School
Tom Thomson Public School
Kilbride Public School
Ascension Roman Catholic Elementary School
Canadian Martyrs Roman Catholic Elementary School
Holy Rosary Roman Catholic Elementary School
Sacred Heart of Jesus Roman Catholic Elementary School
St. Christopher's Roman Catholic Elementary School
St. Elizabeth Seton's Roman Catholic Elementary School
St. Gabriel's Roman Catholic Elementary School
St. John's Roman Catholic Elementary School
St. Mark's Roman Catholic Elementary School
St. Paul's Roman Catholic Elementary School
St. Raphael's Roman Catholic Elementary School
St. Timothy's Roman Catholic Elementary School
St. Patrick's Roman Catholic Elementary School
There are seven public high schools and three Catholic high schools in Burlington.
Aldershot School (1870) Sports Team: Lions
Burlington Central High School (1922) Sports Team: Trojans
Gary Allan High School Burlington Campus - Adult Learners School
Lester B. Pearson High School (1977) Sports Team: Patriots
M.M. Robinson High School (1963) Sports Team: Rams
Nelson High School (1957) Sports Team: Lords
Robert Bateman High School (2004) Sports Team: Wild Robert Bateman High School previous to 2004, was known as Lord Elgin High School Sports Team: Lancers
Assumption Secondary School (1977) Sports Team: Crusaders
Notre Dame Secondary School (1989) Sports Team: Fighting Irish
Corpus Christi Catholic Secondary School (2008) Sports Team: Longhorns
Fern Hill School
Halton Waldorf School
Burlington Christian Academy
Burlington Montessori Preschool
Glenn Arbour Academy
Fairview Glen Montessori
Hillfield Strathallan (Hamilton)
Summerhill Day School
Trinity Christian School
John Calvin Christian School
McMaster University DeGroote School of Business - Ron Joyce Centre opened in September 2010 in burlington and is the new home of the MBA and Executive Management programs.
A New South Wales Australia institution, Charles Sturt University, has had a study centre in Burlington since 2005 and offers programs in Master of International Education, Bachelor of Early Childhood Studies and Master of Business Administration. .
Canadian Therapeutic College (affiliate of the Canadian College of Dental Health).
Burlington Transit, the public transport provider in the city, provides minimal service on a transportation grid centred on three commuter GO Train stations: Appleby, Burlington and Aldershot.
Major transportation corridors through the city include the Queen Elizabeth Way, Highway 403, Highway 407, and Dundas Street (former Highway 5). Commuter and travel rail service is provided by both GO Transit and VIA Rail. Rail cargo transportation is provided by both Canadian National Railway and Canadian Pacific.
The city is divided into six wards, each represented by a city councillor. The mayor, who chairs the city council, is Rick Goldring.
Council Elected for 2011–2014
Mayor: Rick Goldring
Ward 1: Rick Craven
Ward 2: Marianne Meed Ward
Ward 3: John Taylor
Ward 4: Jack Dennison
Ward 5: Paul Sharman
Ward 6: Blair Lancaster
Federally, the city is represented by two MPs whose ridings cover parts of the city:
Burlington (covers most of the city): Mike Wallace (Conservative)
Halton (the northeast corner of the city as well as rural areas north to Milton: Lisa Raitt (Conservative)
Provincially, the city is represented by two MPPs, whose ridings are geographically contiguous with their federal counterparts:
Burlington: Joyce Savoline (Progressive Conservative)
Halton: Ted Chudleigh (Progressive Conservative)
Although the federal riding of Burlington has voted Liberal on a regular basis (most recently Paddy Torsney was Liberal MP from 1993 to 2006), in provincial elections, the riding has not had a Liberal MPP since 1943.
Sites of interest
Visitors to Burlington may not be aware that Burlington is one of the best cities in Canada to live (and VISIT)! This ranking from MoneySense, a leading lifestyle and investment magazine, is based on a database of 24 indicators, ranging from weather and crime levels to home prices and employment prospects. Burlington is home to the breathtaking Royal Botanical Gardens, Royal Botanical Gardens, which has the world’s largest lilac collection. Ontario's botanical garden and National Historic Site of Canada features over 2,700 acres (11 km2) of breathtaking gardens and spectacular nature sanctuaries. Visitors may enjoy four outdoor display gardens, the Mediterranean Garden under glass, three on-site restaurants, the Gardens' Gift Shop, festivals and events & much more.
There are 115 parks and 580 ha of parkland within the city, some of the more popular being Lasalle Park located in Aldershot and Spencer Smith Park newly renovated with an observatory, outdoor pond, water jet play area and restaurant also on the shore of Lake Ontario. Lasalle Park, is owned by the city of Hamilton but is leased by Burlington, which also assumes responsibility for maintenance.
Mount Nemo Conservation Area is the only area in Burlington operated by the Halton Region Conservation Authority although their main headquarters are located in Lowville in north Burlington. Several conservation areas are minutes away and feature year round activities. Bronte Creek Provincial Park is located along our eastern boundary and features a campground, and year round recreational activities and events.
Kerncliff Park, in an abandoned quarry on the boundary with Waterdown, is a naturalized area on the lip of the Niagara Escarpment. The Bruce Trail runs through the park, at many points running along the edge of the cliffs, providing a clear overlook of Burlington, the Burlington Skyway Bridge, Hamilton, and Oakville. On a clear day, one can see the CN Tower in Toronto, approximately 50 kilometres (31 mi) from the park.
The Burlington Art Centre shows various exhibits throughout the year from local to national and houses the largest collection of Canadian ceramics. The Centre’s exhibition spaces, which feature new exhibitions every eight to ten weeks, are fully accessible and are free of charge to visitors.
The Joseph Brant Museum and Ireland House are also popular attractions. Joseph Brant Museum has ongoing exhibits on the history of Burlington, the Eileen Collard Costume Collection, Captain Joseph Brant and the visible storage gallery. Ireland House at Oakridge Farm is a history museum depicting family life from the 1850s to the 1920s.
Burlington offers four indoor and two outdoor pools, four splash pads, nine ice pads, six community centres and nine golf courses. Some of the best hiking in the world can be done in the local sections of the Bruce Trail and the Niagara Escarpment, which is a UNESCO designated World Biosphere Reserve, as well as along the Waterfront Trail that runs along the northern shore of Lake Ontario.
There are no large-scale stadiums, arenas, theatre or opera companies in Burlington. Construction is underway to add 2 more ice surfaces to Appleby Ice Centre to create a 4 pad facility opening in fall of 2010. In 2008, city council approved the construction of a Performing Arts Centre on Locust Street, in the downtown core. The Performing Arts Centre is designed by Diamond and Schmitt Architects who also designed Toronto's Four Seasons Centre for the Performing Arts. Construction is well underway for this 750 seat facility, which will open in 2011.
Many annual free festivals take place in Spencer Smith Park, including Canada's Largest Ribfest and the Sound of Music Festival, Canada Day, Children's Festival and Lakeside Festival of Lights. There is also the semi-annual prix fixe Taste of Burlington dining event.
Malls & Shopping
For one-of-a-kind treasures, Art Etc. in the Burlington Art Centre features handcrafted ceramics, paintings and glasswares by Canadian and local artisans and regularly holds exhibitions of Canadian art. Dreams of blooming flowerbeds germinate at the Royal Botanical Gardens when horticulturalists visit THE GARDENS gift shop for gardening supplies along with distinctive gift lines. During your visit to Joseph Brant Museum and/or Ireland House at Oakridge Farm, browse the museum shops for books, toys and maps with historical flair.
Burlington’s downtown shopping district features one of Canada's best-known bookshops along with unique clothing, accessories and gift shops. Fans of big retailers will recognize familiar names such as IKEA and Costco but be sure to explore the other large stores like Lee Valley and the city’s two major shopping complexes, Burlington Mall – home of the Burlington Farmers’ Market - and Mapleview Shopping Centre.
The Visitors Centre at 414 Locust St is a worthwhile stop for Burlington and Canadian souvenirs and carries a wide selection of apparel, books, photos, note cards, postcards, maps, city souvenirs, pins and more.
Appleby Mall - a mall located at Appleby Line and New Street. The mall will begin renovations in late 2009 into 2010 which will see the mall become an outdoor box store centre.
Burlington Mall - a one-storey mall at Guelph Line and Fairview Street, opened in 1968, with several renovations completed at various intervals over the years.
Mapleview Centre - a two-storey mall, opened in 1990, with many upscale and destination stores Banana Republic, Guess?, XXI Forever, H&M, Bath & Body Works and Pink by Victoria's Secret) at Queen Elizabeth Way and Fairview Street, recently expanded in the Fall of 2009 with Zara, Coach, Aritzia and Sephora.
The Burlington Teen Tour Band (BTTB) has operated in the city since 1947, including members between the ages of 13 and 21. The marching band goes by the nickname The Redcoats due to the colour of its uniforms, and are regular participants in major international parades. They are also referred to as "Canada's Musical Ambassadors" and have represented Canada all over the world. One such occasion was at the 2007 Rose Bowl, when the marching band played at half time. The band is currently led by Rob Bennett, managing director, along with Sir William Hughes, musical director.
The Junior Redcoats are the younger version of the Teen Tour Band. The band includes children between the ages of 9 to 12. The Junior Redcoats' major performances are most commonly at the Burlington Santa Claus Parade, the Waterdown Santa Claus Parade, Hamilton Place (along with the Teen Tour Band) and the Sound of Music Parade. The Junior Redcoats are currently directed by Bill Rolfe.
Since 1961, 715 "Mohawk" Squadron of the Royal Canadian Air Cadets has been a fixture in the city. The Royal Canadian Air Cadets is only one of the three branches of the Canadian Cadet Movement. The CCM is a partnership between the Department of National Defence, and each of the three cadet leagues: The Air Cadet League of Canada, The Army Cadet League of Canada, and the Navy League. The CCM is the largest federally funded youth program in Canada, and is open to youth ages 12–18 who are interested in leadership, citizenship, physical fitness, the Canadian Forces, and personal discipline. Currently financial difficulties, among other reasons, have caused 715 squadron to consider relocation to a new squadron building in Burlington, which it did in June 2010. The squadron moved from Industrial St, up to Mountaiside Drive. The current Captain is Gisela Hum, and the sqyadron has about 60 cadets.
Burlington Area Scouts traces its organization back to 1910 when the town's population was about 1,000. The first local Scoutmaster was Archie McGibbon, who remained in his position for more than a year, after which there was a succession of leaders including Hughes Cleaver and William Gilbert. The original enrolment of 25 boys was considered excellent for the small population of Burlington.
In approximately 1918, Rev. George W. Tebbs took over the troop. It was in the 1920s when Scoutmaster Tebbs and the local troop met Robert Baden-Powell in Burlington. The founder was motoring to Toronto and broke his trip for a short while when he saw the Scouts lined up at Gore Park on the waterfront. For many years, Rev. Tebbs led the boys as they marched out of town, hauling the trek cart to a distant camping location. It wasn't until 1958 that the Scouts' combined group committees were able to buy the 90-acre (360,000 m2) camping grounds in North Burlington at Camp Manitou.
The current Burlington Area Scouts came into existence in 1958 as "Burlington District" with amalgamation of several groups from Burlington and surrounding area. There are 17 active groups within the Area, providing Scouting to over 700 members. The Area stretches outside the city limits of Burlington and encompasses the additional communities of Waterdown, Kilbride, and Carlisle.
Burlington Cougars—formerly the Burlington Mohawks—are an Ontario Provincial Junior A Hockey League Team.
The following are the names associated with Burlington sport teams:
Burlington Barracudas Girls Hockey Teams
Burlington Skyway Roller Derby
Burlington Track and field Club
Burlington Chiefs Lacrosse Teams
Burlington Eagles Hockey Teams
Burlington Stampeders Football Teams
Burlington Panthers Basketball Teams
Burlington Skyhawks Basketball Teams
Burlington Thunder Basketball Team
Burlington Bulls Baseball Teams
Burlington Centaurs Rugby Teams
Burlington Blaze Girls Volleyball Teams
Burlington Bandits Girls Softball Teams
Burlington Braves Football Team
Burlington Blast Ringette Team
The Burlington Soccer League is the organization behind most men's league soccer in Burlington. Soccer Club Organization of Burlington Youth (Scooby Soccer) is a unique youth soccer club with ties to DPS ACADEMY.
NEXXICE is a synchronized skating team associated with the Burlington Skating Club (and the Kitchener Waterloo Skating Club). They are the reigning Canadian Senior champions, and were the first (and only) Canadian team to win a world championship.
Also, Burlington, Ontario founded the Burlington International Games (B.I.G.). The games were first held in 1969 " to offer an athletic and cultural exchange experience for the youth of Burlington." Up until recently, the games took place between Burlington, Ontario and Burlington, Vermont, U.S.A.. But, other cities from places such as Quebec, Japan, the Netherlands, and the U.S. have all had athletes compete since 1998. The games celebrated their 40th anniversary in 2009 and this competition ceased in 2010 due to limited participation in recent years.
Apeldoorn, Netherlands, Itabashi, Japan
Other City Relationships:
Burlington, Vermont (Through the BIG, Burlington International Games), Burlington, Iowa, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina
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